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Safari in Tanzania and see one of the new seven wonders of the world, The Great Migration.

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Kilimanjaro dominates Tanzanian tourism as much as it does the skyline. Africa's largest mountain is a majestic sight, a demanding climb and (for those with the agility and energy to tackle it) a deserving feat. Look beyond its shadow though and you will be rewarded with a UNESCO World Heritage site, plains dense with predators and ancient human history.

Rewards don't come bigger than the Serengeti. The boundless grassland of Tanzania's oldest National Park is home to lions, cheetahs and leopards, and it's so expansive that to witness a predator in action is often the preserve of your jeep alone.

Among their prey are the gazelles, zebras and some 1.5 million wildebeest, which rove the desert for grass to graze. Following the calving season, this mass of hooves ascends north into Kenya. This spectacle is known as the Great Migration and is considered one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.

Predators are not in short supply either, and the UNESCO honoured Ngorongoro Crater boasts the densest population of lions on the planet. The Conservation Park is also home to the 'Big Five'.

Today the park may be the preserve of wildlife, but there is evidence that humans once stalked the savannah. Fossils uncovered at the Olduvai Gorge include a giant horned sheep and enormous ostriches, but it's the Homo Habilis (the world's first humans) which are the area's most important discovery - though up against two million years of human history, even the Kilimanjaro can seem insignificant.

Check the exciting regions and itineraries we are able to offer you below.


Arusha is located in the north of Tanzania, and is perfectly positioned for all Northern Circuit parks, making it the safari capital of Tanzania. The area is cool, lush, and a hub of activity with many safari-goers passing through the city.


The former capital of Tanzania, Dar es Salaam, is not generally thought of as a must see destination. However, a walk around the city centre will reveal its charm and culture, with its picturesque seaport, historic buildings, shops and good restaurants.


Katavi National Park, one of Tanzania's most westerly parks is remote in the extreme, and with relatively few visitors a year, it is the ultimate in off the beaten track safari destinations - a perfect place for an authentic safari experience.


Mahale is one of the best locations in the world for viewing chimpanzees in the wild. It is one of the most remote and beautiful national parks in Africa and is located about half way down the eastern shore.


Beneath the cliffs of the Manyara escarpment, this park offers a tapestry of woodland, grassland and swamps. The lush forest is home to hundreds of baboons, blue monkeys and many birds, but Manyara is most famous for its tree-climbing lions.


Mikumi is located west of Dar es Salaam. The main feature here is the open grasslands of the flood plain, which is bordered on two sides by mountain ranges. The area is teeming with wildlife, with plenty of elephants, zebras and giraffes.


Around 2 millions years ago a large volcano exploded and collapsed on itself to create the extraordinary Ngorongoro Crater. Today it plays host to some of the most captivating wildlife in the world and is one of the most popular safari destinations.


About the size of Belgium and relatively remote, with an unusual combination of East and Southern African wildlife and birds. The park is noted for large numbers of greater kudu as well as lesser kudu, sable and roan antelope.


The Saadani National Park is located on the northern coast of Tanzania, opposite the island of Zanzibar. It is one of the newest National Parks in Tanzania, and the only one that is fringed by the Indian Ocean, making it a truly unique safari destination.


Selous is an unspoilt gem that is said to be the largest game reserve in Africa and to contain the world's largest concentration of elephants. There are also huge numbers of buffaloes, crocodiles and hippos.


The word 'Serengeti' is derived from a Masai word meaning 'endless plains', a fitting title for Tanzania's most famous national park which plays host to over 1 million wildebeest during the great migration.


Immense baobabs, acacias and mixed woodland punctuate the plains, whilst the Tarangire River and shrinking lagoons attract a variety of wildlife including wildebeest, zebras, elephants, elands and oryx.


Zanzibar boasts amongst the best beaches in the world, with coconut palms and powder soft coral sands washed by shimmering clear seas. The beaches in Zanzibar are paradise, scattered with picturesque fishing villages.


Zanzibar is a group of islands, one of the largest being Pemba Island. The smaller satellite islands include Chapwani Island, Mafia Island, Mnemba Island, Chumbe Island and Bawe Island.


Stone Town is the old city and cultural heart of the island of Zanzibar. Little has changed here in the last 200 years. It is a place of winding alleys, bustling bazaars, mosques and grand Arab houses.


8 Nights

If it's adventure you seek, then the Kili Climb will certainly provide plenty. Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa - it's challenging, magnificent and spectacular all at the the same time.


7 Nights

The Kili Climb is one of the world's greatest outdoor challenges, and will provide excitement and a tremendous sense of achievement.


7 Nights

The Kili Climb is an excitement-filled, once in a lifetime adventure, that will last a lifetime in your memories.


7 Nights

A truly 'Out of Africa' experience through contrasting landscapes with stays in some of the most luxurious accommodation Tanzania has to offer.


8 Nights

Travel in style and comfort in Elewana's Cessna Grand Caravan light aircraft, with nine executive club class seats.


6 Nights

This breathtaking flying safari offers an unforgettable journey into Northern Tanzania with stays in some of Africa's most exclusive lodges.


7 Nights

This safari travels from the world-famous Serengeti Safari Park in the north of Tanzania to the lesser-known, but nevertheless equally enthralling Selous Game Reserve in the south.

Sanctuary Retreats is a portfolio of luxury safari lodges and camps in East and Southern Africa. The first Lodge was the Sanctuary Olonana in Kenya which opened in 1999.

7 Nights

Southern Tanzania is all about the feeling of wilderness. Wildlife is in abundance and people are not, so matching a safari in this region with an equally appointed beach property might seem difficult.


6 Nights

An extraordinary journey through contrasting landscapes with excellent opportunities for game viewing in Lake Manyara, the Serengeti and the Ngorongoro Crater.


6 Nights

Combining two remote, untouched, vast areas of Selous and Ruaha, this safari offers a great introduction to Southern Tanzania.


4 Nights

This is a short itinerary that packs in a lot, combining game viewing in some of the most popular safari destinations with quality Sopa Safari Lodges, located in some truly breathtaking locations.

A Tent With A View is twenty two years on the ground in Tanzania. It is renowned for its ethical stance and commitment to the conservation of elephants in Tanzania as well as ongoing medical support for local village communities.

4 Nights

Going on safari to witness the wildebeest migration is one of the ultimate experiences that Africa has to offer.


10 Nights

This is a superb 10-night safari by air, combining a calming beach retreat with captivating game viewing.


5 Nights

This 5-night safari visits some of the best and most prolific wildlife destinations, not only in Tanzania, but in the whole of Africa.


5 Nights

A short safari with game viewing in some of the most popular safari destinations, located in some truly breathtaking locations.


10 Nights

Ruaha National Park offers a compelling combination of stunning scenery, rugged landscapes and animal variety. Our stay here is in superbly located Ruaha River Lodge.


10 Nights

Selous, which is said to be the largest game reserve in Africa, is relatively untouched and offers some of Tanzania's best big game safaris.


The climate is tropical and coastal areas are hot and humid. The rainy season lasts from March to June. The central plateau is dry and arid. The northwestern highlands are cool and temperate and the rainy season here lasts from November to December and February to May.

Best time to visit:
Tanzania can be visited year-round, although the best time for travelling is outside of the rainy season between June and October, when temperatures stay well below their summer peaks. Beach side locations like Zanzibar can be fine to visit during the hotter months of December to January, though hotels can book up early for the Christmas/New Year holidays. Tropical clothing is worn throughout the year, but in the cooler season, from June to September, jackets and sweaters may be needed, especially in the evenings. Clothing appropriate to temperatures below zero is required on the higher slopes of Kilimanjaro and Meru. Also note that it can get very cold at night on the Ngorongoro Crater and early morning game drives may be chilly before the sun comes up.
PassportPassport RequiredVisa RequiredReturn Ticket
Australian Yes Yes Yes
British Yes Yes Yes
Other EU Yes Yes/1 Yes
USA Yes Yes Yes
Canadian Yes Yes Yes

A passport valid for at least six months beyond the date of entry to Tanzania is required by all nationals referred to in the chart above. Visas for Tanzania are required by all nationals referred to in the chart above, except: 1. Nationals of Cyprus and Romania, who do not require a visa. You can obtain single-entry and transit visas on arrival at the port of entry into Tanzania. Passport photos are not required; all other requirements must be in place. However, multiple-entry business visas cannot be issued at the point of entry and you must obtain these in advance through Tanzanias embassies. For more information about visas, visit the website for the Immigration Services Department (www.immigration.go.tz). Nationals not referred to in the chart are advised to contact the embassy or high commission to check visa requirements for Tanzania. While still part of Tanzania, Zanzibar and the other islands are administered autonomously; they have their own immigration procedures and you will be asked to show your passport on entry and exit. Transit visas costing US$30 are available for those travelling through Tanzania to other destinations within a 14-day period. An onward ticket or tour itinerary/confirmation and sufficient funds for transit are required. Single-entry tourist visa: US$50 on arrival (the exception is US citizens for whom a single-entry visa is US$100) or 40 in advance. Double-entry tourist visa (in advance): 70. Multiple-entry business visa: 80 (six months) or 100 (12 months). Single-entry tourist visa: up to three months. You can re-enter Tanzania on the same visa (providing it is still valid) if coming into Tanzania for a second time from Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda or Burundi. Multiple-entry business visa: up to three months per visit within a six- or 12-month period. You can obtain visas from the embassy or high commission before you travel. You can also obtain them at any point of entry (airports and land borders) on arrival. This is a much easier option but you will need to pay for them in cash in US Dollars. Ensure that you have sufficient blank pages in your passport (the minimum for entry into Tanzania is two). Residence permits are granted to foreign nationals if they are employed by a Tanzanian company, or working long-term as missionaries or volunteers. You must apply for these through the Immigration Services Department (www.immigration.go.tz). Allow three working days (applications in person) or 10 days (postal applications)for visa processing if applying in advance. You can pay an additional fee for a 24-hour or same-day service. Onward ticket or tour itinerary/confirmation, or proof of funds eg credit card, is required. You can extend your visas for three months at a time up to a maximum of six months at the immigration office in Dar es Salaam.

Health PrecausionSpecial PrecautionCertificate
Yellow Fever Yes
Typhoid Yes
Tetanus Yes
Rabies Sometimes
Malaria Yes
Hepatitis A Yes
Diphtheria Yes
Before leaving home, visit the doctor or a travel clinic for advice on vaccinations, malaria prophylactics and general advice. Basic traveller vaccinations recommended include yellow fever, tetanus, typhoid and hepatitis A. It is vital to take out comprehensive travel medical insurance, and it is essential that is should include repatriation to your home country in the event of an emergency. There are a wide variety of policies to choose from, so shop around. If you are going to be active in Tanzania (mountain climbing or scuba-diving for example), ensure the policy has adequate provision. There are some good private hospitals in Dar es Salaam, Arusha and Stone Town on Zanzibar, but facilities are rudimentary outside of these and medicines are often unavailable. All treatment must be paid for in advance. Tanzanias emergency telephone number (ambulance, fire and police) is 111. The best private hospital in the country is the Aga Khan Hospital, Ocean Road, Dar es Salaam, (tel: (022) 211 5151; www.agakhanhospitals.org). However, for cases of extreme emergencies or surgery, visitors with adequate health insurance will be transferred to a private hospital in Nairobi, Kenya which has the best medical facilities in East Africa. Malaria: The risk of contracting malaria is prevalent throughout Tanzania and prophylactics should be taken (take expert advice before you leave home). Symptoms can start as something resembling a severe attack of flu. If you develop any symptoms even after several weeks after your return home, seek medical advice. Travellers should take precautions against mosquito bites cover-up at dusk and use insect repellent. Almost all hotels in Tanzania have air-conditioning and/or fans which help ward off mosquitoes and most tourist-class hotels have mosquito nets over the beds. Altitude sickness: This can strike from about 3,000m (9,800ft) and is caused by lack of oxygen and should be a consideration for anyone climbing Mt Kilimanjaro. Symptoms include heart pounding, shortness of breath and dizziness. The best way of preventing it is a relatively slow ascent - some time spent walking at medium altitude, getting fit and acclimatizing is helpful. To decrease the symptoms, an immediate descent is necessary. * A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from all travellers over one year of age.
Country Code: . In most towns there is an efficient local and international service from public coin and card phone boxes operated by the Tanzania Telecommunications Company Ltd. (TTCL) (www.ttcl.co.tz). These are usually outside or within the post office and in the cities there are separate TTCL offices for phone, fax and Internet. Connections are quick and about a third of the price of a call through hotels, which are expensive for phone calls and faxes. Roaming agreements exist with most international mobile phone companies. Tanzania's many cellular networks cover almost all towns, the urban sections of the coast, Zanzibar and the tourist areas, but not some of the parks and reserves or the southwest of Tanzania away from the towns and the main road. SIM and top-up cards for the pay-as-you-go mobile providers are available just about everywhere; in the towns and cities they often have their own shops, but you can buy cards from roadside vendors anywhere, even in the smallest of settlements. Email can be accessed in internet cafs in main urban areas, which are affordable and efficient. Even smaller towns have at least one, usually on the main street. In the more remote towns, where a satellite connection is used, costs can be a little higher. Tourists can also access the internet in many hotels; the more upmarket and business orientated ones have in-room Wi-Fi. Accommodation in parks and reserves generally don't have internet. Until the 1990s, Tanzania's media was largely state controlled. Founding president Julius Nyerere believed TV would increase the divide between rich and poor and Tanzania is considered to have been one of the last countries in the world to broadcast TV which it did in 1994. Today, the number of Tanzanians with TVs has risen at a swift rate and most 'middle class' urban Tanzanians own a television. Tanzanians are avid radio listeners with an estimated 60% of the population having access to radio. Tanzania enjoys a good level of freedom of press, though there is some bias depending on the ownership of the media. There are post offices even in the smallest of towns (www.posta.co.tz). Airmail to Europe takes about 5-7 days and to the US about 10 days. EMS is a registered postal service available at all post offices. Courier services take three working days and the major international courier companies such as DHL (www.dhl.co.tz) are represented in the cities and Zanzibar.

Generally Mon-Fri 0800-1630; Sat 0900-1200. Government-owned Daily News is Tanzania's oldest newspaper. There are also private English-language newspapers The Guardian and This Day as well as private weeklies Business Times, The Express and Arusha Times. State-run stations include Radio Tanzania Dar es Salaam, Parapanda Radio Tanzania and Voice of Tanzania-Zanzibar. There are also dozens of private FM radio stations, most of them operating in urban areas; among these networks are Radio Free Africa, Radio One, Radio Sky, Radio Star and Radio Uhuru. News bulletins from international radio stations, including the BBC, Voice of America and Germany's Deutsche Welle, are carried by many stations.
Most hotels serve local Tanzanian food that usually consists of meat stews or fried chicken, accompanied by staples including chips, boiled potatoes or ugali (maize meal porridge eaten all over Africa). Many Tanzanian towns have a significant population of second-generation immigrants from the Indian sub-continent, and restaurants serving Indian dishes like biryani, spicy curries and chapatti bread are not uncommon. There is much greater variety of cuisines in the cities and tourist spots, and the major hotels and safari lodges offer Western and other international food. The Swahili style of food is delicately flavoured by spices and coconut milk and features fragrant rice, grilled fish and prawn curries; it's best sampled on Zanzibar and the coast. The Indian Ocean provides a full range of seafood, and just about every type of fruit and vegetable that exists is grown in Tanzania. Coffee is grown on the lower slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro and is served freshly ground in small porcelain cups; chai (tea) is served very sweet in small glasses.

Things to know: Table service is normal in restaurants, while bars generally have counter service. Larger hotels and lodges offer buffet meals. On the coast and on Zanzibar, the population is predominantly Muslim, so while alcohol is available in the tourist hotels and resorts, it is not available in local restaurants and should not be drunk in public.

National specialities:

Seafood such as prawns and lobsters.
Tropical fruit such as coconuts, pawpaws, mangoes, pineapples and bananas.

National drinks:

A good lager, Safari, is produced locally.
Konyagi is a popular, cheap, and frightfully strong gin.
A chocolate and coconut liqueur called Afrikoko.
A wine called Dodoma, which comes in red or ros.

Legal drinking age:
18. Nightlife is limited in Tanzania but in Dar es Salaam, there are several nightclubs, cabaret venues and cinemas. Generally, nightlife is centred on the top tourist hotels and restaurants. All along the coast, and particularly on Zanzibar, hotels and beach bars often feature bands at the weekends and dance floors right on the beach. Rowdy full moon parties have become popular on Zanzibar's backpacker-focused northern beaches. Most popular tourist centres host markets and stalls packed with curios and trinkets like African drums, batiks, basket-ware, soapstone knick-knacks, handmade chess sets, paintings of Masai tribes and Serengeti landscapes in the popular Tingatinga style, and large wooden carvings of animals or salad bowls fashioned from a single piece of teak, mninga or ebony. Masai items such as beaded jewellery, decorated gourds and the distinctive red-checked blankets worn by all Masai men make good souvenirs. Kangas and kikois are sarongs worn by women and men respectively and are often in bright colours and patterns. You can pick up packets of Zanzibar's famous spices in Stone Town. Haggling is common, and often necessary, as optimistically inflated prices are the norm. A speciality of Tanzania is the semi-precious stone called tanzanite, which ranges from deep blue to light purple and is only found around Arusha. Tanzanite jewellery can be seen in up-market curio and jewellers shops in Arusha, Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar's Stone Town.

Shopping hours: Mon-Fri 0830-1200 and 1400-1800; Sat 0830-1230. Some shops open on Sunday. In the larger cities markets are open daily 0800-1800.
Tanzanian Shilling (TZS; symbol TSh). Notes are in denominations of TSh10,000, 5000, 2,000, 1,000 and 500. Coins are in denominations of TSh200, 100, 50, 20 and 10 but these are worth very little and are rarely used. In Kiswahili, it is shilingi and written prices are often denoted with the symbol /=; i.e. 100/= is the same as TSh100. US dollars, Pound sterling and Euros may be changed at banks and bureaux de change. However, US dollars are the best currency to take to Tanzania as it is widely accepted alongside TSh to pay for hotel bills, souvenirs and flights, and is needed to purchase visas on arrival and pay for park entry fees. Bring newer notes because of the prevalence of forgery, many places (including banks and bureaux de change) do not accept US dollar bills printed before 2005. Large dollar bills (such as US$50 and US$100) command a better exchange rate than smaller ones. Ensure bills are not torn or damaged. Most top-end hotels, safari lodges, airlines and tour operators accept Visa and MasterCard (American Express and Diners Club less so), though a commission of 2-5% is usually charged. Budget hotels and most restaurants and shops do not accept credit cards, and they are rarely accepted for payment outside the main tourist areas. May be cashed in some banks (try Barclays) or bureaux de change in Tanzania's major cities and Zanzibar, but they are less common as they once used to be, attract a hefty commission and the process is time consuming. Additionally, some places may ask to see original purchase receipts for traveller's cheques. If you are nervous about travelling with lots of hard cash, bring enough to get you started then use ATMs to withdraw local currency off a credit card. The import and export of local currency is prohibited. The import of foreign currency is unlimited, subject to declaration. The export of foreign currency is limited to the amount declared on arrival. Mon-Fri 0830-1530; Sat 0830-1300. Bureaux de change have longer hours and in the cities and in Stone Town on Zanzibar are open on Sundays.
1.00 GBP = 2666.2 TZS
1.00 USD = 2195.5 TZS
1.00 EUR = 2319.8 TZS
1.00 CAD = 1660.24 TZS
Currency conversion rates as of 10 January 2017
The following items may be imported into Tanzania by travellers over 17 without incurring customs duty: 250g of cigarettes, cigars and tobacco (combined weight).
1L of spirits or wine.
500ml of perfume and eau de toilette, of which no more than a quarter may be perfume. Unlicensed firearms and ammunition. Plants and plant products require a phytosanitary certificate. The export of gold, diamonds and tanzanite unless bought from a licensed jeweller is prohibited. Exporting souvenirs made from wildlife skins (this includes reptiles), shells and coral is forbidden.
Below are Public Holidays for the January 2014-December 2015 period.
1 Jan New Year's Day
12 Jan Zanzibar Revolution Day
25 Mar Good Friday
28 Mar Easter Monday
26 Apr Union Day
1 May Labour Day
7 Jul Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan)
7 Jul Saba Saba (Dar es salaam International Trade Fair Day)
8 Aug Nane Nane (Farmers' Day)
13 Sep Eid al-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice)
14 Oct Nyerere Day
9 Dec Independence and Republic Day
12 Dec Milad un Nabi (Birth of the Prophet Muhammad)
25 Dec Christmas Day
26 Dec Boxing Day

1 Jan New Year's Day
12 Jan Zanzibar Revolution Day
14 Apr Good Friday
17 Apr Easter Monday
26 Apr Union Day
1 May Labour Day
25 Jun Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan)
7 Jul Saba Saba (Dar es salaam International Trade Fair Day)
8 Aug Nane Nane (Farmers' Day)
1 Sep Eid al-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice)
14 Oct Nyerere Day
1 Dec Milad un Nabi (Birth of the Prophet Muhammad)
9 Dec Independence and Republic Day
25 Dec Christmas Day
26 Dec Boxing Day
Muslim festivals are timed according to local sightings of various phases of the moon and the dates given below are approximations. During the lunar month of Ramadan that precedes Eid al-Fitr, Muslims fast during the day and feast at night and normal business patterns may be interrupted. Some disruption may continue into Eid al-Fitr itself. Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha may last up to several days, depending on the region.
East Africa. 945,087 sq km (364,900 sq miles). 51,045,882 (2015). 54 per sq km. Dodoma. Federal republic. The United Republic of Tanzania lies on the east coast of Africa and is bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north; by Burundi, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo to the west; by the Indian Ocean to the east; and by Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the south. The Tanzanian mainland is divided into several clearly defined regions: the coastal plains, which vary in width from 16 to 64km (10 to 39 miles) and have lush, tropical vegetation; the Masai Steppe in the north, 213 to 1,067m (698 to 3,500ft) above sea level, which gives rise to two prominent mountains, Kilimanjaro, 5,895m (19,341ft) above sea level and Africa's highest peak, and Mount Meru, 4,565m (14,973ft); and there's a high plateau known as the Southern Highlands in the southern area towards Zambia and Lake Malawi. Savannah and bush cover over half the country, and semi-desert accounts for the remaining land area, with the exception of the coastal plains. Over 53,000 sq km (20,463 sq miles) is inland water, mostly lakes formed in the Rift Valley and Tanzania's share of Lake Victoria and Lake Tanganyika, both on its western border. Lake Victoria covers 69,490 sq km (26,832 sq miles), which is Africa's largest lake and 49% of it lies in Tanzania. With maximum depths of 1,470m (4,821ft), Lake Tanganyika is estimated to be the deepest lake in Africa and is 673km (420 miles) long and averages 50km (31 miles) across; 41% of its area lies in Tanzania. The United Republic of Tanzania includes the islands of Zanzibar and Pemba, about 45km (28 miles) off the coast to the northeast of the country. Kiswahili and English are the official languages. The terms Swahili and Kiswahili are used interchangeably, though the term Swahili normally refers to the people while Kiswahili refers to the language. Originating along the coast, Kiswahili is a Bantu language with many words derived from Arabic. Other African languages such as Bantu and those of Nilo-Hamitic and Khoisan origin are also spoken in more remote regions. About 40-45% of Tanzania's population is Christian and about 35-40% are Muslim (most of which live along the coast and Zanzibar and the other islands). A small number follow traditional religions and there are some Asian communities including Sikhs and Hindus. GMT + 3. When meeting and parting, hands are always shaken; this applies throughout the country in both rural and urban areas. It is the convention to use the right hand, not the left, to shake hands or pass or receive anything. The standard greeting of 'hello' is jambo. People are delighted if visitors can greet them in Kiswahili. Dress is on the whole casual but a smart appearance for formal occasions such as a business meeting or upmarket restaurant is always appreciated. Because of its Muslim influence, the coast is a little more conservative, and away from the beach it is advised to dress respectably and cover up bare arms and legs. Alcohol is only available in the tourist areas on Zanzibar, where it is also considered highly impolite to eat, drink or smoke in public during daylight hours when people are fasting during Ramadan (the exception to this is in the tourist hotels and restaurants). 230 volts AC, 50Hz. British-style plugs with three square pins are mostly used, but plugs with three round pins are also in use. Power cuts are common in the rainy season, though most large hotels and businesses have back-up generators. President John Magufuli since 2015. President John Magufuli since 2015. Zanzibar is semi-autonomous and has its own parliament and president (President Ali Mohamed Shein since 2010). Ever since independence in 1964, the Chama cha Mapinduzi (CCM), formerly known as the Tanzanian African National Union (TANU), has remained entrenched as the dominant force in Tanzanian politics. President Benjamin Mkapa stood down in 2005 and was succeeded by the long-serving foreign minister Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, who was elected president in 2005 with 80.3% of the vote. The Civic United Front (CUF), with a strong power base on Zanzibar (most notably the island of Pemba), managed to secure 19 parliamentary seats out of a total of 319. Elections on these islands were closely contested between CCM and CUF and marred by violence, intimidation and allegations of vote rigging.

While the Zanzibar & Pemba separatist movement has remained relatively subdued in recent years, the island's increasing dislocation from the rest of Tanzania cannot be ignored, and a more powerful drive towards autonomy may yet emerge during the next elections scheduled for 2010.

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